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Designer: Franz-Benno Delonge
Publisher: Rio Grande Games
Players: 2
Time: 45-60 minutes
Reviewer: Mark Johnson, Kevin Whitmore

As our editor is fond of pointing out, the 2-player line of games from Kosmos (most are also published in English by Rio Grande Games) is outstanding in its variety and overall quality. Hellas is the first wargame in this line, complete with armies, combat and hexagons but won't be confused with Squad Leader or Gettysburg. Attractive plastic pieces, a modular map, and three decks of special event cards should reassure boardgamers who avoid traditional wargames. It's also much quicker.

Kevin: Hellas usually plays in about 1 hour. I've played it many times, and found the game offers a tense battle every time.

Mark: I'm not as enamored of the game overall, but I've got no complaints about the length. Our games regularly take no more than 30 minutes.

Designer Franz-Benno Delonge is a name familiar from his previous titles; Big City and TransAmerica. He has one other, less well-known title, Zahltag—a bidding card game about city construction projects.

Mark: Delonge's games are enjoyable, attractive and notable for their simplicity—excellent family games. They also involve a fair dose of luck. That's okay or even preferred for family games but gamers looking for deep strategy might be disappointed. Hellas generally fits this pattern, too.

Kevin: Yes, there is a significant amount of luck in Hellas. So "serious" wargamers will probably not like this design. On the other hand, game players who like martial themes may find this game refreshing.

Set in the ancient Mediterranean world, each player takes on the role of his civilization's leader. The goal of the game is to be the first player to control ten cities. Initially only eight cities are established and so players must defend their own, explore and establish new ones and perhaps even conquer their neighbor's.

What's in the Box

Each player gets a couple dozen attractive plastic pieces: 15 soldiers and 10 galleys. There are also 24 hexagon map tiles measuring a bit over 2" across that are used to create the playing area, 48 God cards in three different suits, 2 reference cards and the rulebook. As you would expect from a Kosmos 2-player game, all of the components are of nice quality. The hexagon tiles depict islands and coastal areas. Except for a single start tile, every one has a city on it and some have temples as well.

Kevin: A quibble I have with the game is the soldiers—their bases are so narrow that I'm constantly knocking them prone. When you're trying to conquer the known world, you don't want your soldiers laying down on the job!

Getting Started

The game begins by building a map. The start tile—showing a dolphin but no land—is placed first, then players alternate placing eight more tiles. Each will have a city, a defending soldier, and a galley. These first tiles must usually be placed next to the dolphin tile (the only one troops can jump over when they move). This adds some volatility to the movement and creates strategic openings that both players must try to exploit. Once both players have four starting cities (and thus four victory points) they draw three special cards—one from each of the God decks—and the game is underway.

Kevin: The fact that Hellas is played with 24 map tiles is a key point. Each game will be a bit different, depending on which tiles get pulled and how they are placed. A player may be able to build a better start position than his opponent.

Here are the things I look for: If possible, I attempt to build my third tile adjacent to my two previously played tiles, and thus not bordering the dolphin tile. By having one of my tiles not adjacent to the dolphin tile, I have shortened the border with my opponent. Further, my chances of successful voyages have also increased (see below).

If I happen to get the tiles to allow me to build a large four-city island, I will do so. If you can concentrate your forces on a larger landmass, you should—land battles are easier to win than sea battles.

Each turn a player may launch an attack, attempt a map-expanding voyage or reinforce his position (drawing more cards and/or placing more soldiers or galley pieces on the map). A player who controls more temples gets more from a reinforcement action than his opponent—one extra card or piece. In addition to these choices, the active player can play any number of God cards. They often has a dramatic effect on the game...

When drawing cards both players are limited to seven total and no more than three from any one God deck. Ares cards are mostly useful for warfare, Poseidon cards are mostly useful for voyages, and Zeus cards are just generally useful. Some cards may also be played on your opponent's turn and these are indicated with a special symbol.


Attacks are made against one of your opponents' cities by drawing your own soldiers from nearby tiles. There are two types of combat: land and sea. If all soldiers travel overland to the battle site, they need merely match the number of defenders in order to win. But if even one soldier comes across a coastline, the battle is considered a sea battle and the attackers must bring one more attacker than the number of defenders. Ignore the galleys, they are never used in battle.

Mark: That took a little getting used to. Ships are not used in combat, even sea combat. It makes enough sense when you remember that these aren't warships, they're merchant vessels.

When a battle is joined someone is going to win. There are no draws in Hellas and each victory is complete. Whoever loses a battle is wiped from that tile and up to three winning soldiers survive the battle. There is no limit to the number of attackers that may be brought, so it's often advisable to include one or two extra soldiers on critical attacks. Any number of soldiers over the limit of three will die at the end of the turn but their presence may mean the difference between victory and defeat during the battle.

Kevin: The all or nothing battle results are a bit odd. As written, you will either prevail unhurt, or be wiped out entirely. While I see this works from a play balance perspective, it jars with the theme.

Mark: This is my biggest disappointment with the game. Combat is wild and wooly, with too much advantage for the attacker. Part of what gives wargames their feel (and realism) is the substantial advantage usually given to the defender. One rule of thumb is that triple your opponent's force is necessary to ensure victory—anything less brings a real chance of failure. The attacker always has the advantage of initiative, choosing the point of attack. Defensive strength is what gives rise to battle lines—lines of defense.

Nothing like this exists in Hellas (nothing really can), and the effect is bothersome. In fact, it is the attacker that has the numeric advantage since he can support a combat with additional troops from nearby cities. The defender cannot.

Kevin: Sure, the combat is different than the traditional view on combat odds... For me, it's not that big of a deal. I don't really want a military simulation, after all the Gods frequently involve themselves in the battle. I can't imagine a way to simulate that! From a play balance point of view, the combat system needs to be easy, or the game would grind down to a much slower pace.


A voyage is an attempt to expand an empire by adding a new city. The active player draws a map tile, placing it adjacent to two tiles already laid. It must also be a location where he has more adjacent ships than his opponent. If the tile drawn doesn't fit, the voyage fails. If successful, one of the adjacent ships moves onto the new tile and converts itself into a single defending soldier. Last, reinforcements can be moved into the new city (a good idea when the new city is on your enemy's border!).

Kevin: If possible, it is wonderful to shorten your common border with your opponent. Alternately, if you can control most (or even all) of the tiles around the dolphin tile, you will reduce the pressure on your forward areas. The dolphin tile creates a very dynamic area, where many troops can be allowed to jump over the dolphin tile, appearing two hexes away from where they started. Control of the areas bordering the dolphin is a key point.

Oh Mighty Zeus…

The three decks of God cards are of prime importance to the game of Hellas and each has it's own character.

Poseidon is the god of the sea and all of his cards somehow interact with the ever-present water in Hellas. God cards Eleven of the sixteen cards are concerned with voyages, three others allow your ships to defend like soldiers, and the final two cause flooding in your opponent's cities, reducing his populations to two soldiers.

Ares is the god of war. All of his cards are concerned with attacking or defending. Four act as a virtual soldier and since this card may be played by the attacker or defender, there's always some uncertainty about the size of the forces in every battle. Three other Ares cards allow a surprise attack on a non-adjacent city. This can be a big development and causes both players to fortify rearward cities with extra soldiers. All of the Ares cards are useful, even if you don't tend to attack much.

Zeus cards are almost all good and worth getting. They grant double turns, deprive your opponent of his god cards, swap cities on the map or negate cards played by your opponent. Zeus cards are almost too good—you're making a mistake if you decide not to draw any.

Mark: Considering my opinions about the game as a wargame, you'd think I'd have some heartache about the power and variety of god cards. They're strong, no doubt about it, but the thematic hook of the meddlesome Greek gods works here. The game is certainly dramatic in this regard, if you can handle the wild swings of fortune.

Kevin: My biggest concern is the relative strengths of the God cards. After many plays, I have found the Zeus cards to be much better than the Poseidon cards. For my efforts, I'll usually opt for three Zeus cards, three Ares cards, and just one Poseidon card. I think any player who doesn't draw Ares or Zeus cards is making a mistake and I wish the game had more evenly balanced decks.

Mark: I haven't found that to be a problem. One quarter of the Poseidon cards allow you to attempt a second voyage on the same turn after one success. One quarter of the tiles have a valuable temple on them and all have a city (victory point). A successful double-voyage turn can be a game winner.

Kevin: (Glances nervously at the sea...) Don't get me wrong, Poseidon is a potent deck. I've seen all of his cards used to great effect. Since people's styles of play will vary, you may well find Poseidon to be more useful than I. For me, I've had the greatest success invoking Zeus and Ares.

One nit of mine is that some of the cards could be better explained. When you get the card that allows you to attack a non-adjacent city, do you consider it a land or a sea battle? The rules are silent on this. Other cards are ambiguous, or could have used more precise language.

Winning the Game

In order to win Hellas, you must control 10 cities but each player has only 15 soldiers. So, as you reach for victory you're forced to spread your soldiers thin, inviting attack from your opponent.

Kevin: This feature makes the endgame taut. Frequently I have seen an empire with nine cities get thrown back to a more modest seven or eight. But eventually, someone adds enough new cities to the map that someone finally claims their tenth city. Indeed, towards the end of the game the Poseidon cards can provide a game-winning move.


Kevin: I find Hellas a very enjoyable game. It consistently plays in about an hour and the novelty of having a wargame with German mechanics has not yet worn off.

All in all, I consider Hellas a very good game. It reminds me of a modern version of the old Microgame line from back around 1980. You get a compact wargame that offers lots of repeat play value. Like most of those old Microgames, it is flawed, but not so badly you that can't find hours of fun with it.

Mark: Your comparison to publisher Metagaming's pocket-sized, inexpensive wargames of a quarter century(!) ago is interesting. On the microgame mailing list we used to imagine what a modern "German-style" microgame would be like. Perhaps Hellas is it. As you say, many of the old micros had their drawbacks but the product line was large enough that you can simply disregard those, concentrating on the handful of classics that have proven themselves. Hellas may not measure up to those little gems, but it's a step in the right direction. I'd love to see Kosmos attempt some more light wargames such as this.

Kevin: It would seem a source of your disappointment with the game is it isn't as "pure" of a wargame as you would like. For me, the relative ease of attacking makes the game work. I remember playing wargames, striving to achieve decent odds, and wishing for the "good" result on the Combat Results Table. I'm glad Hellas refrains from the traditional wargame approach. While part of me senses the combat rules are at odds with the theme, this compromise keeps the game moving, a good thing in my view.

Mark: Hellas was released at last year's Essen. Many of us who experienced the show vicariously through early email reports and websites were eager about the game. Early photos confirmed the top-notch components Kosmos is known for but the play reports were no more than lukewarm. Some combative games are more warmly received overseas than in Germany, however, and I remained hopeful.

It just didn't work for me, though. Hellas is too chaotic for my tastes as a strategy boardgame and without enough connection to reality to satisfy me as a wargame. I'd rather see a game using Hellas' wonderful components with fewer powerful cards, a defender's advantage and perhaps even some fixed setups (a la Seafarers of Catan). These are sizeable modifications, though, not simple tweaks.

Kevin: I'm sorry you have been disappointed by Hellas. I've now played Hellas around 20 times. I find the game interesting, fun, and a heroic struggle to win. I've outlined the faults I've found with it, but I want to emphasize that I have a blast when I play this game. Each game routinely ends with great suspense, as the victor struggles to reach for his tenth city and his troops are spread as thin as can be.

- Mark Johnson

- Kevin Whitmore

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